The Canadian social safety net covers a broad spectrum of programs, and because Canada is a federation, many are run by the provinces.
Canada has a wide range of government transfer payments to individuals, which totaled 5 billion in 2006.
Elsewhere the term social security is used in a much broader sense, referring to the economic security that society offers when people are faced with certain risks.
Recent UK official use of the term welfare includes not only minimal help for people in need but also some services traditionally called benefits and social security in most English-speaking countries except the United States.
The general term for an action program in support of the well being of poor people in the United States is welfare program, and the general term for all such programs is simply welfare.A national invalid disability pension was started in 1910, and a national maternity allowance was introduced in 1912.During the Second World War, Australia under a labor government created a welfare state by enacting national schemes for: child endowment in 1941 (superseding the 1927 New South Wales scheme); a widows’ pension in 1942 (superseding the New South Wales 1926 scheme); a wife’s allowance in 1943; additional allowances for the children of pensioners in 1943; and unemployment, sickness, and special benefits in 1945 (superseding the Queensland 1923 scheme).Canada has a welfare state in the European tradition; however, it is not referred to as "welfare", but rather as "social programs".In Canada, "welfare" usually refers specifically to direct payments to poor individuals (as in the American usage) and not to healthcare and education spending (as in the European usage).Some countries run conditional cash transfer welfare programs where payment is conditional on behavior of the recipients.